Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions

HKScan wants to contribute to combatting climate change, the most serious environmental threat of our time. To this end, we have measured the greenhouse gas emissions produced since the start of 2014, for both direct and indirect emissions (Scope 1 and 2 emissions, respectively). Our success so far in reducing greenhouse gas emissions is due to a number of factors like the switch in the production plants to electricity produced from renewable sources, and the use of other renewable energy sources such as biogas improved energy efficiency. A slight improvement in energy efficiency also contributed to reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

HKScan Group’s total greenhouse gas emissions decreased by a total of 46 per cent, or 109 000 tonnes, from 2014 to 2017. In 2017, the group’s greenhouse gas emissions were 129 500 tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e).

The biggest change was in indirect emissions (Scope 2), which decreased by 53 per cent (95 241 tonnes) from 2014 to 2017. The group’s operations in both Sweden and Finland each cut their emissions factors by about 40 000 tonnes. This was achieved by switching to electricity supplies generated from renewable sources. Electricity procurement in Poland has also switched to renewable energy sources. Overall, this resulted in a reduction of 82 000 tonnes, or 48 per cent, in indirect CO2 emissions (Scope 2). 

Of the total amount of electricity consumed in HKScan’s operations, 67 per cent was generated from renewable and 33 per cent from non-renewable sources.


Emissions from heating decreased 9 000 tonnes or 17 per cent compared to 2014. For 2014 and 2015 the emissions for the steam production was defined as scope 1 while they are defined as scope 2 (purchased steam) for 2016 and 2017. In Finland nature gas is used for producing steam.

The emissions from travel are in the same range as in 2014. Emissions from freezing and anesthesia is about 17 per lower than in 2014, and refrigerant GHG emissions are down by 44 per cent. Emissions from transports in total are down by almost a third, 28 per cent, since 2014.

From consumed total energy in HKScan’s operations 42 per cent was renewable origin and 58 per cent non-renewable origin.


The emission factor for the residual mix energy production in the Nordic region decreased by 27 per cent between 2014 and 2017. However, the factor increased by 4 per cent between 2016 and 2017. The residual electricity mix emission factor has also changed in non-Nordic countries, such as Latvia, where the emission factor of residual electricity mix has doubled since 2014, and in Estonia, where it has decreased by 15 per cent since 2014.


An error in the reported figures for greenhouse gas emissions in 2016 has been corrected in this report. The total greenhouse gas emissions in 2016 were 117 000 tonnes (reported 112 000 tonnes), and greenhouse gas emissions decreased by 51 per cent (reported 53 per cent).

Direct (in line with Scope 1) and indirect (in line with Scope 2) greenhouse gas emissions account for about 10 per cent of total emissions from meat production in the Farm to Fork chain. Emissions before and after (in line with Scope 3) HKScan’s operations are over 90 per cent. Animal production is clearly the largest source of emissions.

Read more about the environmental impacts of animal production and about our work according to the circular economy approach. 


1. In Finland, HKScan only uses electricity generated using renewable sources. In 2016, the company switched exclusively to renewable electricity at all of its Finnish production plants and offices. In addition to renewable electricity, much of the district heating used in Finland is produced by renewable energy sources. The company continued its work on reducing its carbon dioxide emissions. 

2. At the new Rauma plant, heavy and light fuel oil has been replaced with liquid petroleum gas (LPG) and district heating. Over 90 per cent of the district heating used is produced with renewable energy sources.

3. HKScan’s production plants in Finland switched to liquefied gas and LPG for running equipment, in place of heavy fuel oil. Among the benefits of this change are reduced emissions. This is a step towards making a switch in the future to biogas made from renewable sources.

4. In Sweden, the Linköping plant became part of the municipality’s Linköpings Initiativet. This is a cooperative effort the city’s largest electricity consumers to support the municipality by lowering its carbon dioxide emissions to zero by 2025.

5. HKScan is a member of the Haga Initiative climate change programme in Sweden, and participates actively in the activities of the network.

6. HKScan decided to invest in biogas at the Kristianstad production plant in Sweden. This will make it possible to lower emissions by 3,200 tonnes per year compared to the emissions from liquefied natural gas. This is a reduction of 83 per cent.

7. At the Halmstad cold-smoking plant in Sweden, a project has been launched with the aim of significantly reducing the consumption of natural gas. The new system will come into operation in the second half of 2018.

8. At the Skara plant, the replacement of diesel forklifts with electric trucks is being tested.